Kidney stones

You may have heard the old line about kidney stones:
These too shall pass. Better yet, don’t get them in the first place. They’re easier to avoid than you might think With the right foods, plenty of water, and proper medication, you can lower your chances of kidney stones. Maybe you’ll pass them right out of your life.
Surgery is rarely necessary to treat kidney stones. Surgery is only needed when the kidney stone is very big, reason by an infection (staghorn calculi), blocking the flow of urine out of the kidney, or causing other problems like severe bleeding. Kidney stones are hard deposits made from minerals such as calcium or waste products such as uric acid. They initiate small, but they can grow bigger as more minerals stick to them.Some kidney stones often pass on their own without treatment. Other stones that are painful or that get stuck in your urinary tract sometimes need to be removed with surgery.

You might have a procedure or surgery to take out kidney stones if:

•The stone is very big and can’t pass on its own.
•You’re in a lot of pain.
•The stone is blocking the flow of urine out of your kidney.
•You have had many urinary tract infections because of the stone.

Types of Kidney Stone Procedures and Surgeries-
These four treatments can be used on your kidney stones:

•Shock wave lithotripsy
•Percutaneous nephrolithotomy or percutaneous nephrolithotripsy
•Open surgery

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