Kidney Stones

How are kidney stones formed?

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that help in the removal of wastes from the body. As the kidneys filter blood of impurities, minerals and acid salts can accumulate and harden over time. These solid crystalline deposits are called kidney stones, and can form in one or both kidneys. The stones can move down the urinary tract and block the flow of urine, causing severe pain and bleeding.

Kidney stone formation is a regular urinary system disorder that can form in any individual. However, men and overweight people are at a higher risk of developing them.

What are the different causes of kidney stones?

Kidney stones form when certain salts and minerals in the urine build up and become highly concentrated. This can happen due to

1.Insufficient water intake
2.Diet high in salt and animal protein
3.Family history
4.cure for kidney diseases and cancer

What symptoms indicate the presence of kidney stones?

Symptoms of kidney stone formation generally does not manifest until the stone moves  down into the urinary tract.

Symptoms may include:

1.Severe pain below the ribs on the sides
2.Pain may also happen over the lower abdomen, groin and during urination
3.Pain that fluctuates in intensity
4.Frequent urge to urinate
5.Pink, brown or red urine that is cloudy or foul smelling

How are kidney stones diagnosed?

When kidney stones are suspected, your doctor may order blood, urine and imaging tests (X-ray, CT scans) to diagnose the condition. You may also be asked to urinate through a sieve to collect and test the kidney stones that pass in the lab. The results will help your doctor to determine the reason and formulate an appropriate plan for treatment.

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